Volume 7, Number 2, June 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||14 June 2017|
Contribution of matrix metalloproteinases-1 genotypes to gastric cancer susceptibility in Taiwan
Department of Clinical Nutrition, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung
2 Terry Fox Cancer Research Laboratory, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan
3 Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
4 Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan
Accepted: 2 February 2017
Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1), an interstitial collagenase regulating the extracellular matrix, plays a major role in carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, a leading cause of death worldwide. In literature, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) promoter -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) at the MMP1 gene promoter has been reported to alter its own transcription level. While the importance’s of the genotype of MMP1 promoter -1607 has not yet been studied in gastric cancer in Taiwan, our aim was to investigate MMP1 promoter -1607 genotypes and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility in central Taiwan population. In the current hospital-based case-control study, the contribution of MMP1 promoter -1607 genotypes to GC risk was investigated among 121 GC patients and 363 gender- and age-matched healthy controls recruited and genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. We found that the genotypic and allelic frequencies were not differentially distributed between GC patient and control groups. The variant 1G containing genotypes have interactions with cigarrete smoking behaviors and Helicobacter pylori infection status, but not alcoholism on GC susceptibility determination. Our findings suggest that the variant 1G allele on MMP1 promoter -1607 may contribute to GC carcinogenesis and may be useful for GC early detection and prevention when combined with cigarrete smoking behaviors and Helicobacter pylori infection status.
Key words: Drinking / Gastric cancer / Genotype / MMP1 / Polymorphism / Smoking / Taiwan
© Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access by China Medical University
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