Volume 8, Number 1, March 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||26 February 2018|
RSF-1 overexpression determines cancer progression and drug resistance in cervical cancer
School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan 250022, China
2 Department of Gynecological Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan 250117, China
3 Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
4 Human Genetic Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan
5 School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
6 Department of Pathology, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung 403, Taiwan
7 Maternity department, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan
Corresponding author. Department of Gynecological Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 440, Jiyan Road, Jinan 250117, Shandong, China. E-mail address: email@example.com (L. Sun).
Accepted: 16 November 2017
Background: Remodeling spacing factor 1 (RSF-1/HBXAP) has been linked to a variety of cancer types, however, its roles and the therapeutic potential are not clear in cervical cancer.
Methods: RSF-1 expression in cancer tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining followed by statistical analysis with SPSS. Anti-RSF-1 studies were performed by treating cells with specific siRNA or a dominant mutant form (RSF-D4).
Results: RSF-1 expression correlates with cancer progression that strongly-positive staining can be found in 67.7% carcinomas and 66.7% CIN lesions, but none in normal tissues. Such overexpression also associated with increased tumor size, poor differentiation, higher nodal metastasis and advanced clinical stages. Kaplan– Meier analysis confirmed that cancer patients with high RSF-1 levels exhibited a significantly shorter survival time than those with low RSF-1 levels. Downregulation of RSF-1 by siRNA silencing or RSF-D4 reduced cell growth and increased drug sensitivity toward paclitaxel treatment in HeLa cells.
Conclusions: RSF-1 participates in the tumor progression of cervical cancer and could be considered as an early prognostic marker for cancer development and clinical outcome. Therapies based on anti-RSF-1 activity may be beneficial for patients with RSF-1 overexpression in their tumors.
Key words: RSF-1 (HBXAP) / Cervical cancer / Clinical pathological / characteristics / Anti-RSF-1 therapy
© Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access by China Medical University
Open Access This article is distributed under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original author(s) and source are credited.