Volume 8, Number 3, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 August 2018|
Cervical cancer in Iran: integrative insights of epidemiological analysis
Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding author. Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran. E-mail address: email@example.com (H. Salehiniya).
Accepted: 19 March 2018
Background: Cervical cancer is a common cancer among women around the world. Due to the geographical differences in incidence, mortality and risk factors of cervical cancer, it is necessary to conduct different studies in different countries. This review study is aimed to investigate the most important aspects of cervical cancer in Iran.
Methods: Reviewing papers without time limitation was conducted with the keywords cervical cancer, Cervix uteri cancer and Iran in their title or abstract. The databases of Medline, IranMedex, SID, ScienceDirect, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched. The title and abstract of the papers were reviewed, in all, 51 full papers were reviewed.
Results: Based on published studies, the incidence of cervical cancer varies between different areas of Iran. The findings of this study demonstrated that there is a relationship between marital status, marriage age, and age of first pregnancy, smoking, and consumption of oral contraceptive pills, multiple sexual partners, family history, multiparty, and cervical cancer.
Conclusion: The results of this review showed that the incidence of cervical cancer in Iran is low; however, the risk factors associated with this cancer are not few, which could lead to the increase in the incidence of cervical cancer in the future.
Key words: Cervical cancer / Epidemiology / Prevention / Risk factor / Iran
© Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access by China Medical University
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