Volume 8, Number 4, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
The effectiveness of stress-management-based cognitive-behavioral treatments on anxiety sensitivity, positive and negative affect and hope
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran
2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4 Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
5 Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding author. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org (S. Sahranavard)
Accepted: 6 August 2018
Background and objective: Anxiety sensitivity, positive and negative affection and hope are the important factors in promoting mental health of students. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of stress-management-based cognitive-behavioral treatments on anxiety sensitivity, hope, positive and negative affect in female students of Medical Sciences.
Materials and methods: This research was a trail study with pre-test, post-test and control group. A sample of 30 subjects, were selected by available sampling and were randomly assigned using Block Randomization Method of two groups (experimental and control groups). Schneider’s hope questionnaire, Watson’s positive and negative affect questionnaire, Clarke and Tolgman’s questionnaire, Reiss et al.’s anxiety sensitivity of the revised index questionnaire, were completed in two stages (pre-test and post-test) by all subjects. A 6-session protocol of cognitive-behavioral group treatment was performed only on the experimental group. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and MANOVA analysis of variance.
Results: Two experimental and control groups with the mean 22, standard deviationl. 13, average age is 22 years. Stress-management-based cognitive-behavioral treatments were effective on the level of anxiety sensitivity and hope (p <0.016), however, it had no significant positive effect on the amount of positive and negative affect (p <0.016).
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that cognitive-behavioral treatments are effective on anxiety sensitivity and hope. Therefore, stress-management-based cognitive-behavioral training can reduce students’ anxiety sensitivity and increase their hopes for coping with challenges.
Key words: Cognitive behavioral treatment / Anxiety sensitivity / Hope / Positive and negative affect
© Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access by China Medical University
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