Open Access

Table 4

Association of contracting pneumonia stratified by predialysis chronic kidney disease and comorbidities.


Event Incidence Adjusted HR# (95% CI)
Predialysis chronic kidney disease Any comorbidity*
No No 321 7.82 (Reference)
No Yes 1792 20.9 1.45 (1.28, 1.64)
Yes No 468 11.9 1.53 (1.32, 1.76)
Yes Yes 2353 31.2 2.16 (1.91, 2.43)

Incidence: per 1, 000 person-years


Adjusted for sex and age


Comorbidities include alcohol-related disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus

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