Open Access
Review

Table 2

The chemistry and physical properties of non-ionic contrast media in Taiwan [31].

Brand name Iopamiro Ultravist Omnipaque Optiray Xenetix Visipaque
Generic name Iopamidol Iopromide Iohexol Ioversol Iobitridol Iodixanol
Iodine
concentration (mgI/ml)
200
250
300 (Taiwan) 370 (Taiwan)
150
240
300 (Taiwan) 370 (Taiwan)
140
180
210
240
300 (Taiwan) 350 (Taiwan)
240
300
320 (Taiwan) 350 (Taiwan)
250
300 (Taiwan) 350 (Taiwan)
270
320 (Taiwan)
Osmolality
(mOsmo/kg H2O, 37°C)
413
524
616 (Taiwan) 796 (Taiwan)
328
483
607 (Taiwan) 774 (Taiwan)
322
408
460
520
672 (Taiwan) 844 (Taiwan)
502
651
702 (Taiwan) 792 (Taiwan)
585
695 (Taiwan) 915 (Taiwan)
290 (Taiwan)
Low osmolality Low osmolality Low osmolality Low osmolality Low osmolality Iso-osmolality
Viscosity (mPa-s, 37°C) 2.0
3.0
4.7 (Taiwan) 9.4 (Taiwan)
1.5
2.8
4.9 (Taiwan) 10.0 (Taiwan)
1.5 2.0
2.5
3.4
6.3 (Taiwan) 10.4 (Taiwan)
3.0
5.5
5.8 (Taiwan) 9.0 (Taiwan)
4.0
6.0 (Taiwan)
10.0 (Taiwan)
11.8 (Taiwan)
Median lethal dose (LD50) 21.8 g I/Kg 18.5 g I/Kg 18.5 g I/Kg 17.0 g I/Kg 15.9 g I/Kg 17.9 g I/Kg
Expiration duration 5 years 3 years 3 years 3 years 3 years 3 years
National Health Insurance
in Taiwan (NHI), 2017
Cover Cover Cover Cover Cover Self-paid
Administration Intravenous injection; intra-arterial injection; Intrathecal injection (Iopamiro 300, Omnipaque 300); Oral Intravenous
injection
Uses Computed tomography (CT); Angiocardiography; Arteriography of cerebral arteries; Pyelography; Peripheral angiography Angiocardiography Computed tomography (CT)