Open Access
Review

Table 3

Patents in which LILI illumination is associated with various aspects of infertility.

Purpose, goal Laser exposure parameters Impact localization, method Patent
Improving the quality of sperm production in male boars Not specified 3 AP (acupuncture points) with loca-lization description [183]
Treatment of men with the pathology of spermatogenesis 633 nm, continuous mode, 3-4mW Corporeal AP: T3, T4, V23 + one of the auricular: AP22, AP23, AP32 [184]
Treatment of men with autoimmune infertility 365-400 nm, 20 mW (incoherent light), 30 minutes, 6 daily procedures UVBI intravenously [161]
Improvement of sperm quality in pathospermia in the IVF program Pulsed infrared IR LILI, 890 nm, 3.5 W, 300-600 Hz, 7-10 minutes, 5-7 daily procedures On the perineum and suprapubic region [186]
Treatment of men with autoimmune infertility 660 nm, light-emitting diodes, modulated mode, frequency 1-5 Hz, 1 mW/cm2, 15-20 minutes with pauses, 10 daily procedures The penis, LNP (local negative pressure + incoherent illumination) [187]
Stimulation of spermatogenesis 635 nm, continuous operation, 30 mW, 10-15 daily procedures Contact on the area of the scrotum [188]
Treatment of men with impaired spermatogenesis Not specified UVBI [189]
Stimulation of spermatogenesis in the experiment, non-native male rats
Increase in the functional and metabolic status of human spermatozoa
475 nm, continuous mode, 10 mW/cm2, 1 minute, 10 daily sessions
635 nm, modulated mode, frequency 100 Hz, 10 mW/cm2, 1 minute
On the testicles
Spermatozoa derived from healthy human semen in vitro
[190]
[191]

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