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Table 3

Factors associated with poor sleep quality in postmenopausal women.

Variable Quality of sleep Mean ± SD or N(%)
Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Good (≤5) Poor (>5)
Age 4.88 ± 54.0 4.63 ± 54.7 0.967 (0.927-1.009) 0.121
Age of menarche 1.58 ± 13.4 1.57 ± 13.3 1.057 (0.941-1.186) 0.350
Age onset of menopause 3.86 ± 46.9 3.94 ± 47.3 0.984 (0.937-1.033) 0.510
Smoking
Yes* 30 (29.4) 72 (70.6)
No 232 (46.6) 266 (53.4) 0.549 (0.331-0.912) 0.021
Frequency of hot flashes 1.065 (0.980-1.158) 0.137
Frequency of sweating 0.882 (0.725-1.072) 0.207
Interpersonal relations dimension 3.80 ± 23.8 3.97 ± 23.8 0.993 (0.937-1.052) 0.812
Nutrition dimension 4.19 ± 24.3 4.29 ± 23.1 1.048 (0.997-1.101) 0.064
Health responsibility dimension 4.85 ± 21.3 5.39 ± 20.4 0.977 (0.936-1.021) 0.301
Physical activity dimension 4.31 ± 14.7 4.51 ± 12.9 1.095 (1.035-1.158) 0.001
Stress management dimension 3.01 ± 18.5 3.33 ± 17.8 0.995 (0.923-1.072) 0.888
Spiritual growth dimension 4.07 ± 23.2 4.53 ± 22.5 0.996 (0.943-1.053) 0.897
BMI 25.0 ± 4.94 26.0 ± 5.23 0.974 (0.940-1.010) 0.152
Daytime sleepiness
Yes* 153 (44.0) 195 (56.0)
No 109 (43.3) 143 (56.7) 1.141 (0.790-1.648) 0.481
Marital status
Married* 203 (44.2) 256 (55.8)
Single 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3) 0.344 (0.036-3.319) 0.356
Widowed 54 (43.5) 70 (56.5) 1.016 (0.645-1.599) 0.946
Divorced 4 (36.4) 7 (63.6) 1.022 (0.273-3.822) 0.975
Hot flashes
Asymptomatic* 70 (45.8) 83 (54.2)
Mild 90 (46.2) 105 (53.8) 0.722 (0.435-1.198) 0.207
Moderate 62 (42.2) 85 (57.8) 0.658 (0.371-1.170) 0.154
Sever 40 (38.1) 65 (61.9) 0.602 (0.305-1.187) 0.143
Sweating
Mild* 164 (46.2) 191 (53.8)
Moderate 73 (44.5) 91 (55.5) 0.907 (.584-1.410) 0.665
Sever 25 (30.9) 56 (69.1) 0.670 (0.348-1.289) 0.230
Education
Illiterate* 163 (41.7) 228 (58.3)
Some high school or less 88 (48.1) 95 (51.9) 1.121 (0.746-1.685) 0.583
Graduated from high school 8 (66.7) 4 (33.3) 0.444
Graduated from college 7 (50.0) 7 (50.0) 0.732
Occupation
Housewife* 295 (56.3) 229 (43.7)
Farmer 18 (81.8) 4 (18.2) 0.017
Worker 15 (48.4) 16 (51.6) 0.540
Employee 10 (43.5) 13 (56.5) 0.583
*

Reference category.