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Table 3

Cox model measured hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval of pulmonary tuberculosis associated with weight loss and comorbidities.

Crude
Adjusted*
Variable HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
Sex (male vs. female) 2.22 (1.75, 2.82) 1.98 (1.56, 2.53)
Age (per one year) 1.05 (1.04, 1.06) 1.04 (1.04, 1.05)
Weight loss 2.31 (1.84, 2.90) 2.36 (1.88, 2.97)
Baseline comorbidities (yes vs. no)
Alcohol-related diseases 1.49 (1.03, 2.15) 1.34 (0.92, 1.96)
Chronic kidney disease 3.15 (2.12, 4.67) 1.67 (1.12, 2.50)
Chronic liver diseases 0.99 (0.78, 1.27) - -
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 2.80 (2.24, 3.50) 1.45 (1.13, 1.85)
Diabetes mellitus 1.94 (1.42, 2.64) 1.19 (0.87, 1.63)
Human immunodeficiency virus infection 11.4 (2.85, 45.8) 28.0 (6.88, 114.2)
Gastrectomy 2.13 (0.53, 8.55) - -
Pneumoconiosis 2.09 (0.78, 5.59) - -
*

Variables which were found to be statistically significant in a univariable model were further examined in a multivariable model. Adjusted for sex, age, alcohol-related diseases, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, and human immunodeficiency virus infection.