Open Access

Table 3

Knowledge, attitude and performance about cervical cancer in Iran.

Row First author Year Place of study Type of study Number of participants Main findings
Knowledge Attitude Performance
1 Jalalvandi M 2006 Arak Cross sectional 778 individuals 44.5% of the samples were not aware of the existence of Pap smear for early diagnosis of cancer. - 17.5 % of the samples performed the screening withregular intervals. There was a relationship between education and age with screening performance (P < 0.001). (58)

2 Farzaneh F 2011 Tehran Cross sectional 500 individuals More than half of the participants were not aware of HPV, its transmission ways and prevention of cervical cancer. The most common concern of the subjects was about the side effects, efficacy and cost of the HPV vaccine. - (59)

3 Javanmanesh F 2008 Tehran Cross sectional 1002 individuals 77.9% of the individuals knew about the possibility of cervical cancer discovery using Pap smear. 44.1% of the individuals were aware about the time that the first Pap smear should be done. - - (57)

4 Asgarlou Z 2014 East Azarbaijan Cross sectional 600 students 400 hospital and university staff 29.1% of the individuals did not have any information about cervical cancer. - - (60)

5 Karimi Zarchi S.M 2013 2013 Yazd Cross sectional 380 nurses 36.7% of the samples were aware of the HPV infection and its association with cervical cancer. 58.3% of the samples were aware about the HPV transmission through sex, and 11.2% of them were aware about the transmission of this virus by skin contact. 41.2% of the samples were eager to use the vaccine and the rest were reluctant to use the vaccine; where 26.2% was due to inadequate knowledge about the vaccine and 41.4% was due to concerns about vaccine side effects. - (61)

6 Rezaie-Chamani S 2011 Rasht Cross-sectional 350 individuals The mean awareness score was 59.4 in the possible range of 0-100. 40.9% of women believed that in the absence of symptoms, Pap smear is unnecessary. There was a significant positive correlation between knowledge and attitude (p = 0.01). 27.1% of the samples did at least one Pap smear. (62)