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Table 5

The results of multivariate analysis of covariance (MANOVA) of post-test scores in the experimental and control.

Sig. Error df Hypothesis df F Value Test type Statistical index
0.001 23.000 3.00 11.03 0.59 Pillai’s Trace
0.001 23.000 3.00 11.03 0.41 Wilks’ Lambada The difference between two groups by controlling the pre-test effect
0.001 23.000 3.00 11.03 1.44 Hotelling’s Trace
0.001 23.000 3.00 11.03 1.44 Roy’s Largest Root