Open Access
Issue
BioMedicine
Volume 9, Number 3, September 2019
Article Number 17
Number of page(s) 7
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/bmdcn/2019090317
Published online 27 August 2019
  1. McKenzie RL, Björn LO, Bais A, Ilyasad M. Changes in biologically active ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth’s surface. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2003; 2: 5–15. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Seidlitz HK, Thiel S, Krins A, Mayer H. Solar radiation at the Earth’s surface. In: PU Giacomoni ed. Comprehensive Series in Photosciences, Vol: 3, Sun Protection in Man. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 2001; 705–38. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Caldwell MM, Ballaré CL, Bornman JF, Flint SD, Björn LO, Teramura AH, et al. Terrestrial ecosystems, increased solar ultraviolet radiation and interactions with other climatic change factors. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2003; 2: 29–38. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. Larkum AW, Wood WF, The effect of UV-B radiation on photosynthesis and respiration of phytoplankton, benthic macroalgae and sea grasses. Photosynthesis Res. 1993; 36: 17–23. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  5. Holzinger A, Lutz C. Algae and UV irradiation: Effects on ultrastructure and related metabolic functions. Micron. 2006; 37: 190207. [Google Scholar]
  6. Wang SQ, Setlow R, Berwick M, Polsky D, Marghoob AA, Kopf AW, et al. Ultraviolet A and melanoma: A review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001; 44: 837–46. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Hochberg M, Enk CD. Partial protection against epidermal IL-10 transcription and langerhans cell depletion by sunscreens after exposure of human skin to UVB. Photochem Photobiol. 1999; 70: 76672. [Google Scholar]
  8. Lowe NJ, Shaath NA, Pathak MA. (1997) Sunscreens: Development, Evaluation and Regulatory Aspects. Dekker; New York. p. 201–13. [Google Scholar]
  9. Nohynek GJ, Schaefer H. Beneft and Risk of Organic Ultraviolet Filters. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2001; 33: 285–99. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Kaur CD, Saraf S. In vitro sun protection factor determination of herbal oils used in cosmetics. Phcog Res. 2010; 2: 22–5. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Diffey BL, Tanner PR, Matts PJ, Nash JF. In vitro assessment of the broad spectrum ultraviolet protection of sunscreens products. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000; 43: 1024–35. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Ichihashi M, Ueda M, Budiyanto A, Bito T, Oka M, Fukunaga M, et al. UV-induced skin damage. Toxicol. 2003; 189: 21–39. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  13. Ashawat MS, Saraf S, Swarnlata S. Comparative sun protection factor determination of fresh Aloe vera gel vs. marketed formulation. Indian J Pharm Educ Res. 2008; 42: 4. [Google Scholar]
  14. Daniel S, Cornelia S, Fred Z. UV-A sunscreen from red algae for protection against pre-mature skin aging. Cosmet Toiletries Manufacture Worldwide. 2004; 139–43. [Google Scholar]
  15. Kelly DA, Seed PT, Young AR, Walker SL. A commercial sunscreen’s protection against ultraviolet radiation-induced immune-suppression is more than 50% lower than protection against sunburn in humans. J Invest Dermatol. 2003; 1(20): 65–71. [Google Scholar]
  16. Maier H, Schauberger G, Brunnhofer K, Hönigsmann H. Change of ultraviolet absorbance of sunscreens by exposure to solar simulated radiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2001; 117: 256–62. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Cockell CS, Knowland J. Ultraviolet Radiation Screening Compounds. Biol Rev. 1999; 74(3): 11–45. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Bhatia S, Rathee P, Sharma K, Chaugule BB, Kar N, Bera T. Immuno-modulation effect of sulphated polysaccharide (porphyran) from Porphyra vietnamensis. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2013; 57: 50–6. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Bhatia S, Goli D, Naved T, Sharma A. Nutraceutical Properties of Indian Seaweed Porphyra. Adv Inv Pharmacol Therapeutic Med. 2018; 1: 47–54. [Google Scholar]
  20. Bhatia S, Kumar V, Sharma K, Nagpal K, Bera T. Significance of algal polymer in designing Amphotericin B nanoparticles. Sci. World J. 2014; 2014: 1. [Google Scholar]
  21. Bhatia S, Sharma K, Nagpal K, Bera T. Investigation of the factors influencing the molecular weight of porphyran and its associated antifungal activity. Bioact Carb Diet Fiber. 2015a; 5: 153–68. [Google Scholar]
  22. Bhatia S, Sharma K, Nagpal K, Sharma S, Bera T. Evaluation of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and anti-microbial properties of Porphyra vietnamensis. Int. J. Green Pharm. 2015b; 2: 1–5. [Google Scholar]
  23. Bhatia S, Sharma K, Bera T. Structural characterization and pharmaceutical properties of porphyran. Asian J. Pharm. 2015c; 9: 1–3. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  24. Bhatia S, Sharma K, Sharma A, Nagpal K, Bera T. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiulcer properties of Porphyra vietnamensis Avicenna . J. Phytomed. 2015d; 5: 1–7. [Google Scholar]
  25. Bhatia S, Novel algal polysaccharides from marine source: Porphyran. Pharmacogn Rev. 2009; 2: 271–6. [Google Scholar]
  26. Bhatia S. Broad-spectrum sun-protective action of Porphyra-334 derived from Porphyra vietnamensis. Pharmacogn. Res. 2010a; 2: 45–9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  27. Bhatia S, Namdeo AG, Nanda S. Factors affecting the gelling and emulsifying property of natural polymer. Sys. Pharm. Rev. 2010b; 9: 93–101. [Google Scholar]
  28. Bhatia S, Sharma K, Sharma A, Namdeo AG, Chaugule BB. Antioxidant potential of Indian porphyra. Pharmacologyonline. 2011; 1: 248–57. [Google Scholar]
  29. Bhatia S, Sardana S, Naved T, Sharma A. Effects of Porphyra vietnamensis extract on TNBS-induced colitis in rats. Int J Pharm Sci & Res. 2019; 10(1): 1000–10. [Google Scholar]
  30. Bhatia S, Sardana S, Senwar KR, Dhillon A, Sharma A, Naved T. In vitro antioxidant and antinociceptive properties of Porphyra vietnamensis. BioMedicine. 2019; 9(1): 3. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Boergesen F. Some marine algae from the northern part of the Arabian Sea with remarks on their geographical distribution. Bid. Meddr. 1934; 11(6): 1–72. [Google Scholar]
  32. Oza RM, Zaidi SHA. Revised Checklist of Indian Marine Algae. C.S.M.C.R.I. Bhavnagar. 2001; 296. [Google Scholar]
  33. Oren A, Gunde-Cimerman N. Mycosporines and mycosporinelike amino acids: UV protectants or multipurpose secondary metabolites? FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007; 269: 1–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Klisch M, Häder DP. Mycosporine-like amino acids and marine toxins-The common and the different. Mar Drugs. 2008; 6: 147–63. [Google Scholar]
  35. Dunlap WC, Yamamoto Y. Small-molecule antioxidant in marine organisms: Antioxidant activity of mycosporine-glycine. Comp Biochem Physiol. 1995; 112: 105–14. [Google Scholar]
  36. Sinha RP, Klisch M, Groniger A, Hader DP. Mycosporine-like amino acids in the marine red alga Gracilaria cornea-Effects of UV and heat. Env Exp Bot. 2000; 43: 33–43. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. Yuan YV, Westcott ND, Huc C, Kitts DD, Mycosporine-like amino acid composition of the edible red alga, Palmaria palmata (dulse) harvested from the west and east coasts of Grand Manan Island, New Brunswick. Food Chem. 2008; 112: 321–8. [Google Scholar]
  38. Lowe NJ. An Overview of Ultraviolet Radiation, Sunscreens and Photo-Induced Dermatoses. Dermatol Clin. 2006; 24: 9–7. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  39. Talarico L, Maranzana G. Light and adaptive responses in red macroalgae: An overview. J Photochem Photobiol. B. 2000; 56: 1–11. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  40. Sinha RP, Hader DP. UV-protectants in cyanobacteria. Plant Sci. 2008; 174: 278–89. [Google Scholar]
  41. Tao C, Sugawara T, Maeda S, Wang X, Hirata T. Anti-oxidative activities of a mycosporine-like amino acid, Porphyra-334. Fisheries Sci. 2008; 74: 1166–72. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  42. Torres A, Hochberg M, Pergament I, Smoum R, Niddam V, Dembitsky VM, et al. A new UV-B absorbing mycosporine with photo protective activity from the lichenized ascomycete Collema cristatum. Eur. J. Biochem. 2004; 271: 780–4. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  43. Rastogi RP, Sinha RP, Incharoensakdi A. Partial characterization, UV-induction and photoprotective function of sunscreen pigment, scytonemin from Rivularia sp. HKAR-4. Chemosphere. 2013; 93(9): 1874–8. [Google Scholar]
  44. Craigie JS, Leigh C. Carrageenans and agars. In: Hellebust JA, Craigie JS, editors. Hand Book of Phycological Methods. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Press. 1978: p. 109–31. [Google Scholar]
  45. Rochas C, Lahaye NI. Average molecular weight and molecular weight distribution of agarose and agarose-type polysaccharide. Carbohydr. Polym. 1989; 10: 289–98. [Google Scholar]
  46. Bhatia S. Mycosporine and mycosporine-like amino acids: a paramount tool against ultra violet irradiation. Pharmacogn. Rev. 2011; 5: 138–46. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Krishnamurthy V, Joshi V. The species of Ulva L. from Indian waters. Bot. J Linnean Soc. 1969; 62(1): 123–30. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.