Open Access
Volume 9, Number 4, December 2019
Article Number 29
Number of page(s) 3
Published online 14 November 2019
  1. Singh AK, Kar IB, Mishra N, Raut S. Karapandzic Flap in Reconstruction of Posttraumatic Lower Lip Defects: Report of Two Cases. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2015; 14: 858–61. [Google Scholar]
  2. Ghassemi A, Prescher A, Riediger D, Axer H. Anatomy of the SMAS Revisited. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2003; 27: 258–64. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Rong L, Lan SJ, Zhang D, Wang WS, Liu C, Peng WH. Reconstruction of the Lower Vermilion With a Musculomucosal Flap From the Upper Lip in the Repair of Extensive Lower Lip and Chin Defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2014; 25: 1855–8. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. IA M. Reconstruction of the lower lip. Br J Plast Surg. 1983; 36: 40–7. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Degala S, Shetty SK, Monalisha. The karapandzic flap in lower lip reconstruction. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2015; 14(Suppl 1): 421–5. [Google Scholar]
  6. Williams EF, Setzen G, Mulvaney MJ. Modified bernard-burow cheek advancement and cross-lip flap for total lip reconstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996; 122: 1253–8. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Jackson JT. Local flaps in head and neck reconstruction. 1985. 1st, editor. Mosby: St Louis. [Google Scholar]
  8. Kim S, Choi TH, Liu W, Ogawa R, Suh JS, Mustoe TA. Update on Scar Management: Guidelines for Treating Asian Patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013; 132: 1580–9. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Sakellariou A, Salama A. The Use of Cervicofacial Flap in Maxillofacial Reconstruction. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2014; 26: 389–400. [Google Scholar]
  10. Demiralp CO, Demirseren DD, Aksam E, Ceran C, Aksam B, Demirseren ME. Reconstruction of an Infraorbital Defect with Deepithelialized Forehead Flap. J Craniofacial Surg. 2014; 25: 711–2. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Ruiz-Moya A, Lagares-Borrego A, Infante-Cossio P. Propeller facial artery perforator flap as first reconstructive option for nasolabial and perinasal complex defects. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015; 68: 457–63. [Google Scholar]